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Occupation Research

Occupation Research

Working in Canada
What is it: Provides detailed information such as job opportunities, wages, job prospects, and skill requirements for occupations across Canada.
How you can use it: Search for occupational and career information such as job opportunities, educational requirements, duties, wage rates and salaries, current employment trends and future outlook. You can type in your occupation or use Canada’s occupational classification system (called the NOC; a number that describes all occupations across the country). The NOC can be found at here.

Ontario Job Futures
What is it: Fact sheets about occupations across Ontario.
How you can use it: Search for your occupation and review the fact sheet of information. Take this information and compare it to other information you are finding. Never rely on only one source when you are making a career decision!

Professions and Trades in the Provinces and Territories
What is it: A list of occupational websites for each province and territory.
How you can use it: Learn about your occupation and the requirements for each province or territory in Canada. Use this information to plan for your career and next steps.

Learn about your career with video!
What is it: Career exploration using videos about various occupations.
How you can use it: These websites will add variety to your job search and career decision-making! Instead of just reading about a career, why not watch a video and listen to people in the industry talk about why they love their jobs? Visit VECTOR and CareerVideos.com

Canada’s Best Jobs, 2013
What is it: List of best jobs across Canada from Canadian Business Magazine (May 2013). Results were compiled by using Statistics Canada data on employment and wages including jobs that had experienced employment growth between 2006 and 2012 and had a median salary of $60,000 or more and at least 5,000 employed individuals.

Canadian Occupational Projection System (COPS)
What is it: Projections of future labour demand and labour supply by skill level and by occupation. Developed by Human Resources and Skills Development Canada.
How you can use it: Compare the future projections of the COPS system to other information you are finding. Never rely on only one source of information when you are researching a new career.

What’s the Difference
While many of these words are used interchangeably, in the world of Human Resources, they mean different things.

Job/Occupation: A group of related activities and duties.
Job Description: A list of functions, tasks, accountabilities, working conditions, and competencies for a particular occupation or job.
Position: A collection of tasks and responsibilities performed by an individual. This is unique to every employer.
Working Conditions: Includes physical environment, hours, hazards, travel requirements, etc. associated with a job or occupation.
Example: Lucy’s occupation is a nurse. When she first started working at the hospital, they gave her a job description so that she knew what was expected of her. The job description included information about her position (a list of duties she must get done each day according to her employer) and the working conditions.

Source: “Canadian Human Resource Management”, Sixth Edition

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